• Editorial Team

The art of Architectural Rendering: Rendering Techniques

Updated: Jul 2, 2019

In our last article we discussed about the tips to remember while rendering presentation drawings, let’s take a step ahead and learn some interesting Rendering Techniques. In this article we will strictly keep our focus on techniques of rendering and then we will further roll-on to deliver more interesting ideas. There are numerous techniques which practitioners take into account while painting their canvas. Some of them are just derivatives of each other while some are totally different.

To create a rendering style is difficult but to pick one becomes an easy part. Pablo Picasso wisely said, “Good artists copy but great artists steal.”

Pick out the rendering style that suits your drawings the best and keep painting the canvas.

Linear Pattern Rendering Technique

Rendering with just lines can create wonders, bring out the desirable depth and give the drawing an edge above the ordinary ones. Lines of varying sizes can be used to shade the portions of the drawing. Adding a gradient to depict the path of light, highlighting the curvature of a portion or just exhibiting the show of light and shadow in the drawing. All these things can be achieved by line work.

Rendering Techniques

The thickness of the line and it’s tone is a task of patience and intelligence. Also the distance between adjacent lines while marking depths in the drawing is a tricky part. Distant lines gives a transparent patch while closely packed lines gives an opaque patch.

Hatching (vertical, horizontal or diagonal) in different directions for the same patch will pull out a gradient, hence giving much depth to the same drawing. Variation in the direction of linework creates dynamism of light and the factor of realism can be pulled out.

Rendered by Parul Panchal

Patch Pattern Rendering Technique

Patches can be defined as solid colour filled polygons of different sizes. Working with patches of different sizes is also a technique which is being used in interesting ways. Majorly this technique is used in textures and grains of the graphics. Patchwork are attention seekers and may stand bold in the composition, hence the transparency is the key to this technique.

Patch rendering has a vast application and can be used in almost every type of graphic design. Dia-grid structures, space frame composites or grids of concrete masses can be easily represented using patch work. 

Patches can also be used to create and design abstract paintings and compositions. Monochromatic patches arranged in a system of rhythm and harmony are trending features of the modern-art fraternity. This is one of the most used Rendering Techniques in the field of architecture.

Rendered by Parul Panchal

Blending Rendering Technique

This is one of the most extensively used technique in the world of rendering. This gives the artist the flexibility to use mixed media and create aesthetic results. Blending technique is the usage of colours merging into one without a firm boundary. The colours blend in an organic form leaving no traces of lines of shapes.

The blending technique is the best possible way to portray smooth variations in color tones to form a gradient. Water based colours are mostly used by artists because of easy application. Blending technique is effective when conducted with water based, alcohol based or pigment based coloring agents. Due to the availability of low viscosity fluids in the medium, the blend of different colors comes out effectively. This is one of the Rendering Techniques, people from the field of fine arts use.

Rendered by Parul Panchal

Monochrome Rendering Technique

Do not confuse monochrome with just a black and white composition. Monochrome technique is a presentation of the drawing with just a single color. The color is used in varying hue values and opacities, process is completed using the above given methods to get the final output.

Monochrome renders are no less attractive than the multi-color presentations. The perception and the conveyance of a monochrome render is dependent on the reader’s vision.

Rendered by Parul Panchal


The techniques will obviously differ on the basis of medium of rendering (pencil shading, water colours, charcoal, chalk etc.), type of drawings and also on the basis of varying foreground and background of the drawing.

Pick up your style, Pick up the tools and create wonders. You may also look at this article which talks RENDERING WITH PEN & INK.

Rendering credits: Parul Panchal

#architecture #art #render #rendering

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